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Cultural models of medieval Europe

The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies in 2020.

Goal of research

Defining unknown ways of the development and interaction of cultural models, or patterns, in Europe in the 11th-17th centuries based on a number of historical cases.


Historical criticism, comparative analysis, iconography, palaeography, and historical onomastics.

Empirical base of research

The research is based on a wide range of sources, such as Eastern and Western European chronicles, acts, legal texts, scholarly treatises, literature and art works.

Results of research

The complex research of a range of sources revealed that:

  • the attempt, although unsuccessful, to gain autocephaly of the Russian church in 1051 – 1052, led to the reconsideration of some Byzantine patterns and the onset of autonomization in certain respects of the ancient Russian church culture;

  • examining polynomy in ancient Russian society allows not only to detect the transformation of the Scandinavian patterns of namegiving, but also to discern among the ancient Russian elite a few mighty families close by their status and power to princes;

  • a significant change in the attitude to body and materiality, seen both in the texts and art works, took place on the cusp of the 12th and 13th centuries;

  • a manuscript about an unknown diplomatic mission of Vasili III to Maximilian I in 1515 proves a good awareness at the Moscovite court of the bureaucratic paperwork procedures of the Holy Roman Empire;

  • the narratives of tolerance/intolerance and multiculturalism/cultural unification in Polish culture of the 16th–17th centuries drastically differed from those of the Ukrainian and Belorussian culture of the same period. 


Avdokhin A., Шахов Ю. А. Christianizing Statues Unawares? Imperial Imagery and New Testament Phrasing in a Late Antique Honorific Inscription (IEph 4.1301) // Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 2020. Vol. 216. P. 55-68.

Bojcov M. A. Aromatibus conditur. Zu welchen Zwecken und mit welchen Methoden wurden die Leichen der Herrscher konserviert?, in: La mort du roi: réalité, littérature, représentation. Berlin, Boston : De Gruyter, 2021. Ch. 6. P. 110-134.

Успенский Ф. Б.Литвина А. Ф. Подлинные и мнимые имена Бориса Годунова // Slovĕne. 2020. Т. 9. № 1. С. 185-231. doi

Avdokhin A. Epigraphy of Contested Spaces: Doctrinal Identities, Imperial and Local Agencies in an Inscribed Letter of Justinian (IEph 1353), in: Byzantine Anatolia: Space and Communities. Papers of the Fifth International Sevgi Gönül Byzantine Studies Symposium. Koç Üniversitesi, 2020. P. 30-45.

Bojcov M. A. Die Chronologie eines Kaisertodes. 1493, in: La mort du roi: réalité, littérature, représentation. Berlin, Boston : De Gruyter, 2021. Ch. 12. P. 254-267.

Bojcov M. A. Das Goldene Tor von Vladimir, Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossa und die Rätsel von Vasilij Tatiščev, in: StauferDinge. Materielle Kultur der Stauferzeit in neuer Perspektive. Festschrift für Knut Görich. Regensburg : Schnell & Steiner, 2021. Ch. 10. P. 201-235.

Виноградов А. Ю. Неизвестный крестово-купольный храм X века в Хосте (Краснодарский край) // Архитектурное наследство. 2020. Т. 72. С. 13-20.

Литвина А. Ф.Успенский Ф. Б. Судьбы варягов на Руси XI–XII вв.(Якун Слепой, Шимон / Симон и его сын Георгий) // Вестник РГГУ. Серия: История. Филология. Культурология. Востоковедение. 2020. Т. 1. № 1. С. 76-100. doi

Vinogradov A.Korobov M. Christian Identity of the Crimean Goths // Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik / Ed. by A. Vinogradov, M. Korobov. Vol. 80. Issue 1-2. Leiden : Koninklijke Brill NV, 2020. С. 170-192.

Виноградов А. Ю. О времени создания Ростовской епископии // История и культура Ростовской земли. 2019. Ростов : [б.и.], 2020. С. 23-32.

Александрова М. А. Долговые обязательства и векселя в практике иностранных займов английской короны в середине XVI в. // Средние века. 2020. Т. 81. № 2. С. 46-74. doi

Năstăsoiu D. Old vs. Modern: Aesthetics of Late Gothic and Renaissance Forms among Saxon Patrons in Sixteenth-century Transylvania, in: Lateness and Modernity in Medieval Architecture. Berlin : De Gruyter, 2021.

Năstăsoiu D. A Holy Abbess between Byzantium and the West: Euphrosyne of Polotsk as Monastic Founder and Saint // Convivium. Exchanges and Interactions in the Arts of Medieval Europe, Byzantium, and the Mediterranean. Seminarium Kondakovianum Series Nova. 2021. Vol. 8. No. 2

Aleksandrova M. Markets and their Agents in History: Some Theoretical Reflections, in: Markets and their Actors in the Late Middle Ages. Berlin : De Gruyter, 2021. P. 121-144. doi

Năstăsoiu D. The St. Nicholas Church in Ribiţa, Hunedoara County // Mapping Eastern Europe (North of Byzantium). 2020

Виноградов А. Ю. Херсонес – Херсон, Пантикапей – Воспор: вопрос идентичности или общеимперский процесс? // Вестник древней истории. 2020. Т. 80. № 4. С. 995-1006. doi



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